The Introduction of new Legislation – Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

You may or not be aware that there are laws that govern the Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) 1992 Regulations (PPER 1992), the legislation changed on 6 April 2022 the Personal Protective Equipment at Work (Amendment) Regulations 2022 (PPER 2022) came into force. In this edition of our latest news, you can read to find out what has now changed, and as an Employer what you need to do to stay compliant with the change to the HSE regulations.



What has changed in the legislation Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) legislation?

Whilst duties do remain unchanged for you as an Employer, they are extended however, let’s take a look below just how the amendment affects you:


  • The amendment extends Employers’ and Employees’ duties regarding personal protective equipment (PPE) to limb (b) workers (as defined in PPER 2022);
  • Where PPE is a requirement, as an Employer you must ensure workers have sufficient information, instruction, and training on the use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE); and
  • A limb (b) worker now has a duty to use the Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) in accordance with training and instruction, and ensure it is returned to the storage area provided by you the Employer.

You can find full guidance here: Personal protective equipment at work (L25) and Risk at work – personal protective equipment (PPE)



What does this mean for you as an Employer?

Whilst PPER1992 placed a duty on every Employer in the UK to ensure that suitable Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) was provided to ‘Employees’ who may be exposed to a risk to their health or safety while at work, PPER 2022 as of 6 April 2022 extends this duty to limb (b) workers. Employers must take into consideration whether the changes to UK law apply to them and their workforce and comply.



As an Employer how do I identify a limb (b) worker and their relationship with you?

As set out in section 230(3) of the Employment Rights Act 1996, the definition of a worker has ‘2 limbs’:

To clarify the definition of limb (a) and limb (b) worker is described below:

  • Limb (a) describes those with a ‘Contract of Employment’, this group are Employees under the Health and Safety at Work, etc Act 1974 and these already fell within the scope of PPER 1992; and
  • Limb (b) describes workers who generally have a more casual employment relationship and work under a ‘Contract for Service’, as such they did not come under the scope of PPER 1992.

So, as part of the amendment PPER 2022 this then draws on the above definition of worker and captures both Employee’s and workers limb (b), it all sounds complicated, it isn’t really, let’s take a look at how the ‘worker’ and relationships are formed with you the Employer, the term “worker” means ‘an individual who has entered into or works under either:

  • A Contract of Employment; or
  • Any other Contract, whether implied or express and where it is express whether oral or in writing, where they undertake to do or personally perform any work or services for another party to the Contract whose status is not by virtue of the Contract that of a client or customer of any profession or business undertaking carried on by the individual; and
  • Any references to a worker’s Contract shall be construed accordingly.

It is important to note the amendment does not apply to those who have a ‘self-employed’ status, these must be clearly identified as part of the relationship prior to any engagement, the precise status of any worker can ultimately only be determined by a court or tribunal.



What exactly is Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is defined in the PPER 1992 as ‘all equipment (including clothing affording protection against the weather) which is intended to be worn or held by a person at work and which protects the person against one or more risks to that person’s health or safety, and any addition or accessory designed to meet that objective’.

As an Employer where you find Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) to be necessary after a risk assessment, using the ‘hierarchy of controls’, you have a duty to provide it free of charge. So, what are the ‘hierarchy of controls’, it goes without saying that Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) should be regarded as the last resort to protect against risks to health and safety, as an Employer’s safe systems of work and engineering controls should be considered first.

As an Employer, you should first consider *controls by:

  1. Elimination = physically removing the hazard
  2. Substitution = replacing the hazard
  3. Engineering controls = isolating people from the hazard
  4. Administrative controls = changing the way people work
  5. PPE = protecting the worker with personal protective equipment

*1 being the most and 5 the least effective control.

As defined by PPER 2022, as an Employer you now need to ensure that there is no difference in the way Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is provided to your workers, Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) you provide must be compatible, maintained and correctly stored. All workers must use Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) properly following training and instruction. If the Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) you provide is lost or becomes defective it should be reported.



As an Employer do I have a duty to comply?

As you should be aware HSE inspectors already include an assessment of PPE as part of their routine inspections.

Enforcement action can and does vary, it can range from verbal, or written advice, in some instances the issue of enforcement notices, and in the most serious cases prosecution of duty holders.



How can HR and You Ltd support and help you?

As your HR, Employment Law and Health and Safety providers, we are ideally placed to help determine the status of any ‘workers’ who may now be covered by the amended legislation, from this we can then advise on and suggest the best course of action to protect you as a business, and your workers.

You can contact a member of our team on 0333 006 9489 or [email protected]






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